1. The apple is a deciduous tree, generally standing 6 to 15 ft (1.8 to 4.6 m) tall in cultivation and up to 30 ft (9.1 m) in the wild.
2. Generally apple cultivars are propagated by grafting onto rootstocks, which control the size of the resulting tree.
3. Different cultivars are bred for various tastes and uses, including cooking, eating raw and cider production.
1. Velasco, R. et al. The genome of the domesticated apple (Malus x domestica Borkh.). Nat. Genet. 42, 833-839 (2010).
2. Li, X. et al. Improved hybrid de novo genome assembly of domesticated apple (Malus x domestica) Gigascience 5,1-5 (2016)
3. Daccord, N. et al. High-quality de novo assembly of the apple genome and methylome dynamics of early fruit development. Nat. Genet. 49, 1099-1106 (2017)
Zhang, L. et al. A high-quality apple genome assembly reveals the association of a retrotransposon and red fruit colour. Nat. Commun. 10, 1-13 (2019).
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